Tibet in Exile



Approximately 1,28,014 [Approximate world-wide distribution: India 94,203; Nepal 13,514; Bhutan 1,298; and rest of the world 18,999 (Demographic Survey of Tibetans in Exile 2009, by Planning Commission of Central Tibetan Administration, 2010)




Democratic and popularly elected




Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission




Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile with 44 members




The Kashag (Cabinet) is the apex executive body. The Sikyong (Tibetan Political Leader) is elected directly by the exile population for a term of five years. Under the Kashag are the main departments of Religion and Culture, Home, Education, Finance, Security, Information and International Relations, and Health


Major NGOs


Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC), Tibetan Women’s Association (TWA), National Democratic Party of Tibet (NDPT), Gu-Chu-Sum Movement


Foreign Missions


Based in New Delhi, Kathmandu, New York, London, Geneva, Moscow, Brussels, Canberra, Tokyo, Pretoria and Taipei




Agriculture, agro-industries, carpet weaving and exports, service sector. The winter sweater selling business is the economic mainstay of about 70 percent of the exile population in India




Total school enrolment is 85 to 90 percent of the school-aged children in exile. According to 2009 Demographic survey of the Planning Commission of CTA, Effective Literacy Rate of the total Tibetans in India, Nepal and Bhutan is 82.4%