Tibet in Exile

 Population

 

Approximately 1,28,014 [Approximate world-wide distribution: India 94,203; Nepal 13,514; Bhutan 1,298; and rest of the world 18,999 (Demographic Survey of Tibetans in Exile 2009, by Planning Commission of Central Tibetan Administration, 2010)

 

Government

 

Democratic and popularly elected

 

Judiciary

 

Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission

 

Legislature

 

Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile with 44 members

 

Executive

 

The Kashag (Cabinet) is the apex executive body. The Sikyong (Tibetan Political Leader) is elected directly by the exile population for a term of five years. Under the Kashag are the main departments of Religion and Culture, Home, Education, Finance, Security, Information and International Relations, and Health

 

Major NGOs

 

Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC), Tibetan Women’s Association (TWA), National Democratic Party of Tibet (NDPT), Gu-Chu-Sum Movement

 

Foreign Missions

 

Based in New Delhi, Kathmandu, New York, London, Geneva, Moscow, Brussels, Canberra, Tokyo, Pretoria and Taipei

 

Livelihood

 

Agriculture, agro-industries, carpet weaving and exports, service sector. The winter sweater selling business is the economic mainstay of about 70 percent of the exile population in India

 

Education

 

Total school enrolment is 85 to 90 percent of the school-aged children in exile. According to 2009 Demographic survey of the Planning Commission of CTA, Effective Literacy Rate of the total Tibetans in India, Nepal and Bhutan is 82.4%