Tibetan Supreme Justice CommissionThe Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission is the highest judicial organ and one of the three most important pillars of the Tibetan democratic administration in exile or the Central Tibetan Administration. It formally came into existence as per the provision of the Charter of Tibetans in Exile on 11th March 1992 (the seventh day of the first month of the Tibetan Water-Monkey year, 2119) in Gangchen Kyishong, the headquarters of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) in Dharamsala in the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission is composed of the Chief Justice Commissioner and two other Justice Commissioners. They are appointed by the Tibetan Parliament in exile through election out of nominated candidates submitted by the Selection Committee, which is constituted by a Committee of Chief Justice Commissioner, Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Tibetan Parliament in exile and Kalon Tripa (Chief of the Kashag/Cabinet).
In the past, the Chief Justice Commissioner and two other Justice Commissioners took the oath of office from His Holiness the Dalai Lama. However, since His Holiness’ devolution of all his political and administrative powers on 29th May 2011, the Chief Justice Commissioner is to take the oath of office from the out-going Chief Justice Commissioner or the officiating Chief Justice Commissioner. The two other Justice Commissioners are required to take the oath of office from the Chief Justice Commissioner.