OUTLINE MODEL ENGLISH PAPER FOR CTA STAFF RECRUITMENT TEST
Time: 3 hrs Total Points: 80
PART I: COMPOSITION
a) To prepare a text of a speech to be delivered by a Sikyong, at a conference attended by some Heads of State, Parliamentarians, Scholars & media on CTA’s Middle Way Approach Policy to find out an amicable solution to the issue of Tibet. (500 words)
b) People’s Republic of China (PRC) claims Tibet as an ” inalienable part” of PRC from 13th century onwards. Make an analytical assessment of Tibet’s political status at least 2000 years before invasion and occupation of Tibet by PRC. (300 words)
c) According to PRC’s official version, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) entered Tibet to “liberate Tibetans from serfdom & imperialist influence.” Objectively analyze this version whether Tibetans in Tibet are truly liberated. (200 words)
d) The 17-Point Agreement signed on April 29, 1951 by the Representatives of the then Tibetan Govt. & the PRC, is used by the latter as an instrument to “legitimize” its invasion & occupation of Tibet. Tibetans say the Agreement was signed under duress & its provisions were violated by the PRC. Assess the two views with pros & cons. (500 words)
e) Unofficially, a Tibetan Guerrilla Movement was established in 1960 at Mustang. Highlight the important anecdotes of this movement. (300 words)
f) In 1965 PRC created the so-called Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), and annexed Kham & Amdo to other Chinese provinces. How much autonomous right Tibetans enjoy under TAR? (500 words)
g) A Chinese leader said “if we want a fresh air, windows will have to be opened, but mosquitoes will also come with the fresh air that we have to tolerate.” Explain the quote & analyze the changes occurred on the basis of this statement in PRC’s policy. (500 words)
h) Background of how the contact process initially began between the CTA & the PRC to resolve the issue of Tibet through dialogues & negotiations. (500 words)
i) After 7-rounds of meeting between the Envoys of His Holiness and the Plenipotentiaries of PRC, the Envoys presented the Memorandum on Genuine Autonomy (MGA) for the Tibetan People to their PRC counterpart. Explain main points of the MGA. (300 words)
j) Under PRC’s legal system, Hong Kong & Macau enjoy the status of One Country & Two Systems. If Tibetans under PRC can get this system, will that fulfill the aspirations of six million Tibetans? Elaborate in (200 words)
k) The United Nations adopted three Resolutions on the Question of Tibet, but the resolutions remained only in theory. Analyze the structure of UN with specific reference to the Veto Powers of the UN Security Council Members & state reasons for not being able to implement those resolutions. (500 words)
l) Make a comprehensive report on the achievements & drawbacks of farming in Tibetan settlements in India, to be presented by a Kalon of Home Department at an International “Donors’ Conference. (500 words
m) Text of a speech to be given by the Kalon of Education Department at a seminar attended by some VCs of Indian universities & Presidents of foreign universities on the implementation of CTA’s Education Policy in exile Tibetan schools. (500 words)
n) In an International Conference on Environment, Tibet has been referred as “the Third Pole.” Analyze this phrase and show its effect on Tibet’s climate change with reference to the livelihood of people in Asia specially in China, India and other South Asian countries. (500 words)
PART II: SUMMARY
Prepare a passage either from His Holiness’ autobiography My Land & My People or The Political History of Tibet, by Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa and the candidates will have to summarize the passage. (500 words)
PART III: LETTER WRITING
i) Write a formal letter to the Prime Minister of India, urging him/her to take into account the importance of historical & geopolitical factor of Tibet while trying to resolve the vexed issue of the so-called “Sino-Indian border” problems.
ii) Prepare a formal Tender Call Notice to competent companies & contractors to survey underground water in Gangkyi area and construct 3 concrete water tanks.
iii) Prepare a formal circular to be sent from the High Level Scholarship Committee to the Tibetan Fulbright Scholarship holders informing them that the Committee will take stern action against those who do not return to serve in the Tibetan community after completion of their studies in the US.
PART IV: WORDS & PHRASES
Meaning of following words and phrases need to be written in Tibetan
1. Altruism (2) Universal Responsibility (3) Secular Ethics
4. De-facto (5) De-jure (6) Rationalism
7. Secular State (8) Theocratic State (9) Feudalism
10. Totalitarian State (11) Genuine Autonomy (12) Pseudo-Psychiatrist
13. Separatists (14) Mutual Benefit (15) Amicable Solution
16. Federal State (17) Unitary State (18) Socialist State
19. Utilitarianism (20) Egalitarianism (21) Evolution
22. Revolution (23) Pluralistic State (24) Sovereign State
25. Suzerain State
PART V: GRAMMAR
Prepare a passage with grammatical mistakes in the use of Eight Parts of Speech, specially the usage of Tense,Prepositions, Pronouns, Nouns, Adjectives, Adverbs & Articles. Candidates will have to correct all grammatical mistake in the passage.
PART VI: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
Tick correct words or phrases in the brackets in italics, in the following sentences or do as directed.
1. The PLA defeated KMT in (1929/1939/1949) & established (Republic of China/Democratic Republic of China/People’s Republic of China).
2. Tibet has been regarded as a “Part of China” by the (KMT/PRC/MTAC) or by (all the three).
3. The People’s Liberation Army entered into Kham and Amdo areas of Tibet in (1929/1949/1939)
4. The Head of the Tibetan Govt. Delegation to sign the 17-Point Agreement was (Khemd Sonam Wangdu/Thubten Legmon/Sampo Tenzin Dhondup/Ngapo Nawang Jigme/none of them).
5. The Agreement was signed with the (full consent of both parties/under the duress of one party/with consent of both the Governments).
6. There are (36/46/56)Minority Nationalities in the PRC and the PRC (officially regards/does not regard) Tibetans as one of its minorities.
7. According to PRC’s official version, the total population in the so-called TAR is (5520000/2840000/26170000).
8. Among the PRC leaders who visited Tibet after the Cultural Revolution, it was (Deng Xiaoping/Zhao Ziyang/Hu Yaobang) who openly apologized the Tibetans for PRC’s repressive policy in Tibet.
9. PRC stationed its first nuclear weapons in Tibet at Tsaidam Basin in Amdo, January (1961/1971/1981).
10. During Hu Jintao’s tenure as a Communist Party Secretary in Tibet, he declared Martial Law in (1998/1979/1989) to uphold PRC’s repressive policy in Tibet.
11. Fight against the “Dalai Clique is a live and death,” said by (Hu Jintao/Chen Quanguo/Zhang Qingli).
12. PRC’s official version of Tibet means (whole of Tibet/only TAR/short of Kham & Amdo).
13. In October (1971/1981/1991) US President George Bush signed into law a Congressional resolution declaring Tibet as an (autonomous region/autonomous prefecture/occupied country).
14. In order to help the Tibetan diasporas, the American Govt. created(Fulbright Scholarship/Congressional Gold Medal/Special Coordinator for Tibet) in October (1979/1985/1997).
15. When His Holiness and the entourages learned that PRC has dissolved the Tibetan Govt. in Lhasa, they immediately set up a temporary Tibetan Govt. in (Lhokha/Tsona/Lhuntse) on (March 18, 1959/March 20, 1949/March 29, 1969).
16. Coinciding with His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s birthday commemoration, the EU Parliament adopted a resolution in July (2000/2001/2002)to recognize Tibetan Govt. in Exile if PRC do not respond positively within (two/three/four) years to resolve the Tibet issue amicably.
17. The introduction of railway line in Tibet July 2006, had (great benefit for Tibetans/became more convenient for PRC)to take away Tibet’s natural resources & bring more Han migrants to Tibet.
18. His Holiness the Dalai Lama first repudiated the 17-Point Agreement in April (1956/1958/1959) in (Lhasa/Tezpur/Mussorie).
19. His Holiness’ comment “my trust in the Chinese Govt. has become thinner, thinner and thinner,” has been made in the context of (PRC’s repressive policy in Tibet/degradation of environmental condition in Tibet/non responsive to the Memorandum on Genuine Autonomy).
20. The American President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent Captain Ilia Tolstoy & Lieutenant Brooke Dolan to Tibet in (1932/1953/1942) to discover (Tibet’s infrastructure/the strength of Tibetan army/route for supplies to China) through Tibet.
21. Led by Tsepon W.D. Shakbpa, the Tibetan Govt. sent a Trade Delegation in (October 1957/September 1949/November 1942)to four countries (Japan/India/UK/USA/China) with (Chinese passport/Identity certificate/Tibetan Govt. passport).
22. During the Tibetan People’s National Uprising in 1959 (67000/87000/77000)Tibetans were mercilessly killed by the PLA in (whole of Tibet/Kham & Amdo/Lhasa alone).
23. As an independent country, Tibetan Govt. introduced its first paper currency in (1790/1695/1890) in the denomination of (five/six/seven) paper notes.
24. In 1959 the PLA conquered Tibet very easily because (Tibet had no alliance/Tibet had small standing army/Tibet had no UN seat/all three reasons).
25. Total area of Tibet, Cholkha-sum is (3.2 million sq. km/4.2 million sq. km/2.5 million square kilometers).
PART VII: TRANSLATION
A passage from one of His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s books in Tibetan or from the Kashag’s speech on the commemoration of 52nd Tibetan National Uprising Day should be given for translation into English.
RESOURCE FOR CANDIDATES
a) My Land & My People, in English by His Holiness the Dalai Lama, 3rd-edition 1985 Potala Corporation New York
b) Freedom in Exile, in English by His Holiness, Harper Collins Publishers New York 10032
c) Tibet: A Political History, in English by Tsepon WD Shakbpa, Potala Publication, 4th edition, New York
d) Tibet & Its History, by Hugh Richardson, 2nd edition 1964 Shambhala Publication Inc. Boston, Massachusetts
e) The Status of Tibet, History & Prospect in International Law, Michael van Praag, Westview Press, Colorado
f) Tibet: Human Rights & the Rule of Law, International Commission of Jurists, Geneva CH-1219 2nd edition 1998
g) Tibet: the Position in International Law, Report by International Lawyers, Hansjorg Mayer & Serinda Publication London SW15 6NH
h) Basic Education Policy for Tibetans in Exile, published by Education Department CTA, in 2005 bi-lingual
i) The Mongols & Tibet, a historical assessment of relation between Tibet & the Mongol Empire, DIIR publication 2nd edition 2008
j) Tibet & the Manchu, an assessment of Tibet-Manchu relations in five phases of historical development, DIIR publications 2nd edition 2008
k) Tibet: A Source Book, All Party Indian Parliamentary Forum for Tibet, 1994
l) Report on Tibet Negotiations, March 2009-February 2010, the latest US Govt. policy on Tibet
PERIODICALS IN ENGLISH & TIBETAN
1. Tibetan Bulletin, latest and back issue at least for the past 3 years
2. Tibetan Review, latest and back issues as far as possible
3. Tibetan Freedom, latest back issues as far as possible
4. Sheja, latest issue and back issues of at least past 3 years
NOTE: All what has been mentioned above are Outline Sample Questions Only for English & Political issue papers which candidates will have to clear. Candidates are asked not to limit their knowledge and preparation for CTA Staff Recruitment Test within the scope of above samples only. To score higher points, it is important to go thoroughly through all related latest books, periodicals, CTA websites & internets specially the Tibetan Parliament, Departments of Home & Education so on.