DHARAMSHALA: The Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (TCHRD), a Tibetan rights group based in Dharamshala released it’s 2013 annual report yesterday, documenting the human rights situation inside Tibet and the forced resettlement of Tibetan nomads.
The 2013 Annual Report, also focused on Civil and Political Rights, Religious Repression, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Religious Repression, the China’s development strategy, and self-immolations.
“The theme of the 2013 Annual Report is the continued implementation of nomad resettlement and relocation policy. Tibetan nomads have been forced from their ancestral lands and resettled/relocated in urban areas, mostly against their wishes and without adequate compensation,” TCHRD said on its website.
“It was widely estimated that 90% of all Tibetan nomads in Qinghai Province would be resettled at the end of 2013. Despite claims to the contrary, the primary reason for the forced relocation of the nomads is to exploit rich mineral resources from the nomadic lands,” it added.
“The newly built urban areas where they are forced to resettle cannot sustain their centuries-old way of life, and compared to Chinese migrant workers, nomads receive less state support in terms of finding employment and other sources of livelihood, it said.
The 2013 Annual Report also included research papers produced in collaboration with human rights students at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada.
The report consists of exclusive interviews and photographs of Tibetans from Amchok (Ch: Amuqu), Labrang (Ch: Xiahe), Rebkong (Ch: Tongren), Chentsa (Ch: Jianzha), Machen (Ch: Dawu), Mangra (Ch: Guinan), and Golok (Ch: Guoluo) concerning self-immolation protests, nomad resettlement, censorship, language rights and land rights.
The Tibetan rights group also released a special report titled, ‘Gulags of Tibet’ examining the history and evolution of Re-education Through Labour (RTL) laws. It also examines how these laws violate international prohibitions of arbitrary detention, forced labour, and torture. RTL is a form of arbitrary detention used by the Chinese government for over 50 years to imprison political dissidents and other opponents
“China has announced the abolition of RTL in December last year but the failure of previous reform measures to address the human rights abuses that define RTL creates skepticism as to what the abolition of RTL will actually entail,” TCHRD noted.